Direct Object Pronouns Spanish | Pronombres Directos

What Is Direct Object Pronouns In Spanish?

In English a direct object is the person or thing in a sentence that receives the action of the verb. It answers the question whom? or what?

In The Example Below “The Lamp”  Is The Direct Object Pronoun.

  • Claudia dusts the lamp
  • What did Claudia dust?
In The Example Below “Teresa” Is The Direct Object Pronoun.
  • Marcos invites Teresa
  • Whom does Marcos invite?
In This Example Below “The Beds” Is The Direct Object Pronouns.
  • Pablo makes the beds.
  • What does Pablo make.
Direct object pronouns can be used instead of nouns. Four English forms of these pronouns are: him, her, it, and them.
 
Direct Object Pronouns Are Used To Replace Direct Objects In Spanish As We See In English. 

Four Spanish Direct Object Pronouns Are:

  • Lo.
  • La.
  • Los.
  • Las.
The Use Of Direct Object Pronouns  Depends On The Gender And Number Of The Direct Object It Replaces.
Masucline
  • Lo = It & Him
  • Los = Them
Feminine
  • La = It & Her
  • Las = Them

In English, Nouns Are Replaced By Pronouns.

For Example :-

  • Do you see John? – No, I don’t see John.
  • Did you call Mary and Ana? –  No, I didn’t call Mary and Ana.

With Pronouns We Can Easily Simplify This.
  1. Do you see John? – Do you see him?
  2. No, I don’t see John – No, I don’t see him
  3. Did you call Mary and Ana? – Did you call them?
  4. No, I didn’t call Mary and Ana. – No, I didn’t call them.

In Spanish, nouns are also replaced by pronouns. We have already learned the subject pronouns. There are also direct object pronouns. Study the following chart. 

direct-objects-pronoun-spanish

Some Examples Using The Noun

  • Do you see John? — (Spanish) ¿Ves a Juan?
  • No, I don’t see John. — (Spanish) No, no veo a Juan.
  • Did you call Mary and Ana? — (Spanish) ¿Llamaste a María y a Ana? 
  • No, I didn’t call Mary and Ana. No, no llamé a Maria y a Ana.
  • Did you read the magazine? ¿Leiste la revista?
  • Do you have the book? ¿Tienes el libro? 

Some Examples Substituting The Pronouns

  1. Do you see him? ¿Lo ves?
  2. No, I don’t see him. No, no lo veo. 
  3. Did you call them? ¿Las llamaste? – 
  4. No, I didn’t call them. No, no las llamé.
  5. Do you have it? ¿Lo tienes? -Did you read it? ¿La leiste?
  • Yo como manzanas. – I eat apples
  • Yo las como todo el tiempo.  – I eat them all the time.
  • Él lee un libro. – He reads a book.
  • Él lo lee después del colegio. – He reads it after school.
  • Ella puede ver a Sally. – She can see Sally
  • Ella la puede ver.  -She can see her.
  • Ella puede verla. – She can see her.
  • Ella puede ver los elefantes. – She can see the elephants
  • Ella los puede ver. – She can see them. 
  • Ella puede verlos. – She can see them.
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